A federal appeals court on Tuesday ordered Travelers Cos. Inc. to pay more than $500 million to satisfy asbestos-related claims stemming from the insurer’s coverage of insulation maker Johns-Manville Corp., a policyholder that spent six years in bankruptcy during the 1980s.
The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York reversed a February 2012 ruling in which U.S. District Judge John Koeltl said conditions under three settlement agreements in 2004 that required Travelers to make the payment had not been satisfied.
Writing for a three-judge appeals court panel, Circuit Judge Ralph Winter said Koeltl’s interpretation “could not reasonably have been intended by the parties, whatever Travelers’ private hopes and dreams, and is not supported by the language of the agreements.”
The 2nd Circuit directed the reinstatement of an order by U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Burton Lifland, who oversaw Johns-Manville’s bankruptcy, that Travelers make the payment, which includes $65 million of interest. Koeltl’s ruling had reversed that judgment. Lifland died in January.
New York-based Travelers and its lawyers did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Many companies stopped using asbestos for fireproofing and insulation by the mid-1970s after it was linked to cancer and other diseases. Litigation persists because the effects of exposure can take decades to surface.
Now owned by Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc., Johns-Manville had from the 1920s to 1970s been the largest U.S. maker of products containing asbestos.
It filed for bankruptcy protection in 1982 under the weight of asbestos litigation and settled various claims in 1986. Johns-Manville emerged from Chapter 11 in 1988.
In its decision, the 2nd Circuit rejected Travelers’ contention that it was excused from making the payment under a 2009 U.S. Supreme Court decision related to the case and a 2nd Circuit ruling the following year. The appeals court also said Travelers had waived potential objections to the payment.
“Obviously, we’re gratified,” said Ronald Barliant, a partner at Goldberg Kohn in Chicago who represents about 1,600 plaintiffs. “Payments should have been made five years ago.”
Paul Clement and Sander Esserman, lawyers for two other plaintiff groups, were not immediately available for comment.
The 2nd Circuit heard oral arguments in January 2013.
Separately, Travelers on Tuesday posted a larger-than-expected 26 percent drop in second-quarter profit, as hail and windstorms boosted catastrophe-related losses. Its shares fell as much as 5.1 percent in morning trading.
The case is Common Law Settlement Counsel et al v. Travelers Indemnity Co et al, 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Nos. 12-1094, 12-1140 and 12-1205.