A series of winter storms in Europe, record floods in Australia and South Africa as well as a high number of thunderstorms in the U.S. and Europe resulted in $35 billion in insured losses from natural catastrophes in the first half of 2022, according to Swiss Re Institute’s preliminary estimates.

Man-made events triggered an additional $3 billion in insured losses, bringing total H1 catastrophe insured losses to $38 billion.

The record-high temperatures in many parts of Europe may lead to further losses caused by droughts and wildfires. The severe weather events of the past six months once again highlight that natural catastrophes, particularly secondary perils, are increasing in frequency and severity in all regions.

“The effects of climate change are evident in increasingly extreme weather events, such as the unprecedented floods in Australia and South Africa,” commented Martin Bertogg, head of Catastrophe Perils at Swiss Re, in a statement.

“This confirms the trend we have observed over the last five years, that secondary perils are driving insured losses in every corner of the world. Unlike hurricanes or earthquakes, these perils are ubiquitous and exacerbated by rapid urbanization in particularly vulnerable areas. Given the scale of the devastation across the globe, secondary perils require the same disciplined risk assessment as primary perils such as hurricanes,” he added.

Europe, Australia Storms

In February, a series of winter storms hit Europe and prompted estimated insured losses of $3.5 billion, bringing this key peril back on the insurance industry’s agenda, said Swiss Re.

In February and March, torrential rains led to widespread flooding in Australia, which set a new record for flood losses in the country at close to $3.5 billion. Swiss said this is one of the costliest natural catastrophes ever in Australia for the insurance industry and the costliest event globally for insurers in the first half of 2022.

Floods in South Africa as well as in India, China and Bangladesh further confirm the growing loss potential from floods in urbanized areas globally, the reinsurer added.

In the first half of 2022, severe weather including hailstorms and heavy rain hit France, so far causing an estimated €4 billion of insured market losses, based on data from the French Federation of Insurance Companies.


Two severe summer heatwaves resulting in record-high temperatures across Europe have sparked destructive forest fires across southwest Europe. The global average temperature for June 2022 was about 0.3°C higher than the 1991-2020 average, making it the third warmest June on record, Swiss Re noted.

As warming climate is predicted to exacerbate droughts, the likelihood of wildfires increases, causing greater damage where rapid urban sprawl overlaps the wildland-urban interface, the report added.

“Climate change is one of the biggest risks our society and the global economy is facing. With 75 percent of all natural catastrophes still uninsured, we see large protection gaps globally exacerbated by today’s cost-of-living crisis,” according to Jérôme Jean Haegeli, Swiss Re’s group chief economist. “Partnering with the public sector, the insurance industry is critical for strengthening society’s resilience to climate risks, by investing in and underwriting sustainable infrastructure.”

Global economic losses from natural and man-made catastrophe events are estimated at $75 billion in the first half of 2022, which is below the average of the past 10 years ($80 billion).

Source: Swiss Re Institute

Photograph: In this photo provided by the State Emergency Service, a home is threatened by flood water near Singleton, Australia, on July 6, 2022. Photo credit: State Emergency Service via AP.