As jubilant Brexit supporters gather to celebrate the U.K.’s departure from the European Union, Scotland is digging in to its position as the last bastion of political resistance.
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said her government in Edinburgh is looking at all options for an independence referendum, which the U.K. government is refusing to sanction. They include asking the courts to ascertain whether the Scottish Parliament already has the power to hold a consultative vote.
However, the Scottish National Party leader said the turmoil in Catalonia, which held an illegal vote on leaving Spain in 2017, showed why Scotland needed an independence vote that was legally watertight. Until then, she will focus on building support for independence.
“For me to pretend that there are shortcuts or clever wheezes that can magically overcome the obstacles we face would be to do the independence cause a disservice,” Sturgeon said in a speech on Friday. Routes toward a referendum are “constantly under review,” she said.
The EU’s royal blue flag with yellow stars, meanwhile, will continue flying at the entrance of the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh. The legislature, dominated by Sturgeon’s pro-independence Scottish National Party, voted again this week to try and force another vote on breaking away from the rest of the U.K. and ultimately rejoining the continent’s single market.
Sturgeon calls Brexit an “affront to democracy” because Scotland voted overwhelmingly to stay in the EU in 2016. As the country officially leaves at 11 p.m. U.K. time on Friday, Sturgeon is repeating her vow to give Scots the chance to choose their own future. Her problem is that Prime Minister Boris Johnson is refusing to grant the power she requires to hold a legal vote on independence.
“Brexit has put Scotland on the wrong road,” she said. “And the further down it we go, the longer it will take and the harder it will be to get back on the right one. We need back on the right road as soon as possible.”
One of the underlying themes of Brexit has been the rumbling standoff between the two largest constituent parts of the three-centuries-old United Kingdom. After Scots voted to remain in the U.K. in 2014, less than two years later the U.K. as a whole decided to leave the EU. Since then, the political division has become even more entrenched.
Sturgeon is pushing for the U.K. to allow an independence vote this year and she reiterated today that the timetable was practical. In reality, she’s more likely to head into Scottish Parliamentary elections in 2021 with the aim of redoubling her mandate.
In Edinburgh, which voted to remain in the EU more than any other British city, demonstrators are due to gather outside the parliament later today to lament the end of the U.K.’s 47 years of EU membership. The event, called “Missing EU Already,” will culminate with a candle-lit vigil.
The Scottish Government said two of its main buildings, St Andrew’s House in Edinburgh and Victoria Quay in Glasgow, will be lit in the blue and yellow colors of the European flag on Friday.
Scots voted 55% to 45% to stay in the union with England and Wales in part because the U.K. was an EU member. Polls suggest the country is still split and the result of any new vote would be too close to call. A YouGov Plc survey of 1,039 voters age 16 or over published on Thursday found 51% to 49% in favor of independence.
Sturgeon says Brexit means Scotland should be allowed to vote again. At last month’s election that handed Johnson the power to push through Brexit, the SNP won 48 of Scotland’s 59 districts on a platform of demanding a fresh decision on independence.
But it took less than an hour after Wednesday’s vote in the Scottish Parliament for another referendum for the result to be rejected by Secretary of State for Scotland, Alister Jack. He repeated the U.K. government’s argument that the 2014 vote was a “once-in-a-generation” opportunity. The ruling Conservatives also said it was a “day of embarrassment” for the Scottish Parliament to debate whether to keep the EU flag flying.
That leaves Sturgeon and Johnson at loggerheads, and tensions between Scotland and England, which came together to form Great Britain in 1707, are likely to multiply. Johnson is seeking a quick trade deal with the EU and Sturgeon is headed toward a Scottish Parliament election next year determined to put the issue of full autonomy back to the people.
There’s also a growing dispute over immigration and the future of foreign nationals living in the U.K. The Edinburgh-based government earlier this week put forward plans for a special Scottish visa designed to encourage people to move to the country, which is at risk of a labor shortage.
Sturgeon’s semi-autonomous administration, though, isn’t responsible for Scotland’s immigration policy and the proposal was rejected outright by the U.K. government.
“This is the human element of Brexit,” SNP lawmaker Fiona Hyslop said, citing the contribution to Scotland’s economy by the 300,000 or so EU nationals living there. Leaving the EU flag outside parliament is an important signal to them that they’re welcome and valued in Scotland, she said.